New Communication Technology Short Film

My short film is about catfishing. In the film, we watch as Jason becomes friends with a girl called Jane online, who he has never met before in person. The two end up talking all night and the following day they decide to meet. While Jason is arriving, we get a glimpse of Jane’s real identity and realise that she is not who she says she is online. The short film clearly shows the importance of being safe online.

Catfishing usually occurs over a longer period of time in the real world, however I decided to shorten the time length as we had a time limit of 2 minutes.

The music and sounds are all royalty free and links to the sites are attatched at the bottom of the YouTube clip.

Advertisements

Communication: Every species’ strongest means of survival

For generations humans have believed that they are the most advanced species worldwide. With a continually evolving language and complex vocal communication abilities far beyond any other species, humans have come a long way from the cave men and women that roamed the earth over 20, 000 years ago. As humans evolved and adapted to their environment, so too did their communication systems. Studies have found that other species, while not as complex as humans, have also formed similar communication abilities. Although many believe that non-human primates would follow after humans as the most socially advanced species, they lack a flexible vocal communication system. On the other end of the spectrum, birds model an extremely flexible sound production system, yet they lack the social skills that are seen as the main driving force in the evolution of human speech (Complex call sequences in social whale communication n.d.). However, there is increasing evidence to show that many marine mammals, specifically dolphins and whales, have high intellectual abilities, participate in a number of social interactions and are flexible in sound production. For example, matrilineal whales including the Orcinus Orca, commonly known as the killer whale, developed an advanced communication system in response to environmental factors and social interactions between one and another (Complex call sequences in social whale communication n.d.). These communication systems helped many whales adapt to their surroundings and ultimately played a key role in the species’ survival. Therefore, it is evident that communication is a vital part of survival, not just for humans, but also for many other species, specifically including whales. This is apparent through the intricate communication systems whales have created and consequently the effects these systems have on those who have difficulty following social protocols, as well as the devastating effects artificial marine noise has on whale communication.

The sophisticated way in which whales converse clearly indicates the importance of communication for the species’ survival. Studies have found that whales use sound for a number of different reasons including navigation, detecting food and communication between one another over vast distances (Blue whales and communication n.d). Their use of sound to navigate and detect food is due to the lack of visibility underwater. In many cases, visibility is limited to less than 10 metres, which means that sea creatures cannot rely on sight for survival. Furthermore, as many species of whales including the blue whale are relatively solitary animals, they have devised an intricate way to communicate between each other from thousands of kilometres apart (Wild Whales n.d.). Sound travels roughly five times faster underwater than it does through air and low frequency sounds travel a lot further underwater than high frequencies. Whales have found a way to use these variables to their advantage. By vocalising frequencies as low as 14 Hertz with volumes greater than 180 decibels, whales are able to communicate between each other across entire ocean basins (Wild Whales n.d.). The frequency at which they communicate is well below the ability of human hearing, which in the past has made it difficult for researchers to follow communication patterns. However with new technology, humans are beginning to discover more about the loudest animals on the planet (Blue whales and communication n.d). The sounds that whales articulate are often referred to as songs because some of the patterns are often repeated (Khamsi, R 2006). These songs often last for thirty minutes at one time (whale song 2008). While humpback whales are generally the only breed of whale that participates in these songs, many other whales use similar methods to communicate. Over time, whales have clearly evolved and adapted to their environment and social tendencies by using sound as a means of communication and navigation, ultimately bettering their chances of survival.

However there are some instances where certain whales are unable to follow these important communication protocols. In one such case, a whale has been named the world’s loneliest whale due to its unique sonic signature. For 24 years, researchers have been closely tracking the whale’s location and migration patterns. The whale communicates at a frequency of 52 Hertz, which is grossly higher than the usual vocalisation of 15-20 Hertz of most whales (Norrington, B 2013). Researchers have been unable to identify the species of the 52-Hertz whale as its call patterns resemble that of neither blue nor fin whales, two of the more likely species that it could possibly be (Norrington, B 2013). In a report conducted by researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 12 years after the whale was first identified, it was stated that: “We do not know the species of this whale, whether it was hybrid or an anomalous whale that we have been tracking”(Daher et al. 2004). While no one has yet to set eyes on the whale, many people across the globe have listened in on its unusual frequencies. The 52- Hertz whale has become a worldwide sensation, with thousands of people sympathising and even relating to the loneliest whale in the world (Jamieson, L 2014). Some devotees have even set up mock twitter accounts, while others have written songs about the whale. Josh Zeman is currently working alongside actor Adrian Grenier on producing a film about the 52-Hertz whale. The documentary, called ’52: The Search for the Loneliest Whale in the World’ was set to be a success until Zeman’s funding fell through earlier this year (Jamieson, L 2014). While his progress is at a standstill at this point in time, Zeman is still tracking the whale vehemently and is likely to continue his film in the near future (Jamieson, L 2014). While the whale is a sensation with humans, it is still very much alone in the whale world because its communication system is so different to that of its species. Yet Dr. Kate Stafford, a researcher at the National Marine Mammal Laboratory in Seattle, told the New York Times that there was plenty of evidence to show that the whale was healthy. She stated, “The fact that this individual has been capable of existing in that harsh environment for at least these 12 years indicates that there is nothing wrong with it” (Revkin, A 2004). Although, while the whale appears to be healthy, many worry that because of its unusually high vocal frequencies, it will never find a mate and thus remain the loneliest whale for the entirety of its life.

Unfortunately, there are also artificial noises that jeopardize whales’ communication systems and ultimately, their survival.  Due to the global trade and cruise industry, an abundance of large and extremely noisy ships regularly interfere in many whales’ environments (Daley, B 2012). Large ships produce sound levels of over 170 decibels and even smaller fast traveling boats can produce levels of 145 to 160 decibels (Wild Whales n.d.). As whales communicate using similar volumes, the excess amount of noise lends to confusion for all breeds of whales and, unfortunately for some like the right whale, possible extinction. Studies have found that the increase of ships in some regions has resulted in whales losing roughly two thirds of their ability to communicate with one another compared to 50 years ago (Daley, B 2012). Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary marine ecologist Lelia Hatch said, “Whales rely on their ability to hear far more than their ability to see… Chronic noise is likely reducing the opportunities to gather and share vital information that helps them find food and mates, navigate, avoid predators and take care of their young” (Daley, B 2012). Hatch also noted that the bubbles from ship propellers are the loudest sounds to drown out whale calls (Bragg, M 2012). North Atlantic right whales are already one of the world’s most endangered large animals and with a population of approximately 350 to 550 animals, are close to becoming extinct (NOAA: Underwater noise decrease whale communications in Stellwagen Bank sanctuary 2012). The added artificial noise pollution created by humans is not favouring the right whales’ chances of survival. Director of Cornell University’s bio-acoustics research program, Christopher Clark, explained that the noise from shipping traffic is making it difficult for right whales to hear each other most of the time. “Basically,” he said, “The whales off Boston now find themselves living in a world full of our acoustic smog” (NOAA: Underwater noise decrease whale communications in Stellwagen Bank sanctuary 2012). The International Maritime Organisation is currently working on guidelines to reduce ship noise in an attempt to lessen the noise transferred to the water and consequently the whales. If this issue is not combated swiftly, the range over which whales can locate each other will rapidly decrease, potentially having devastating effects on the species’ population (Clark et al. 2007). Without their regular deep water communication channels, there is a possibility that certain species of whales may not survive in the future.

Ultimately, communication has always been the key to a species’ chances of survival. While human communication is continually evolving and becoming more complex, many other species are forming similarly sophisticated communication systems. Dolphins, whales and other sea mammals are an example of such species and have shown signs of high intellectual and social abilities, as well as flexible sound production systems. It is evident that whales in particular have formed communication systems that increase their chances of survival in their environments. This is evident through the detailed communication channels they have created and the unfortunate effects that such channels have on those who are unable to follow these social protocols, similar to the 52-Hertz whale. Additionally, the negative effects artificial marine noise has on the lives of whales indicates how immensely the species relies on communication for survival. Therefore it is clear that communication is a vital part of survival, not only for humans, but also for many other species, including whales.

Whale song

While researching for my essay, I came across this video of a whale’s ‘song’. I thought it might be a nice video to reference in my essay when I elaborate on whale communication.

Week 5- part 2

Find out who your local, state and federal representatives are. Send one a message.

Local representative: Cr Paul Taylor 

State representative: Ray Stevens- Mermaid Beach

Federal representative:Steven Ciobo- Moncrieff 

Look up the Queensland or Australian Hansard to find the last time your local member spoke in parliament.

Instead of finding out when my local member last spoke, I researched my federal representative! Steven Ciobo spoke in Parliament on 28 August 2014 about the Matter of Public Importance proposed by the opposition leader. 

Let your local member know what you think about their last speech

I contacted Steven Ciobo on his website: http://www.stevenciobo.com/contact-steven.html

Week 5- part 1

Online petition:

The petition I signed was about extending the recent light rail to connect with the heavy rail in the north. The link is here if you wish to sign as well: http://www.mygc.com.au/news/sign-petition-to-link-citys-light-and-heavy-rail/ ( I forgot to do a print screen of it unfortunately!)

 

Respond to a professional blogger at a major news site:

I responded to a blog post on CNN Newsroom’s blog. The post was about ‘What led another American to ISIS?

The post can be found through this link: http://newsroom.blogs.cnn.com/2014/08/29/what-led-another-american-to-isis/#comment-243514

Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 1.46.58 PM

 

What is Barak Obama up to today? Can you send him a message about the importance of freedom on the internet?

As of roughly three hours from posting this blog breakingnews.com confirmed that President Obama authorised the deployment of 350 extra US troops to help protect diplomatic facilities and personnel in Baghdad in Iraq. 

Breaking news on Barack Obama 2014, viewed 3 September 2014, <http://www.breakingnews.com/topic/barack-obama/&gt;

You can contact the President of the United States in a number of ways, including telephone, social networking, mail and email. I chose to send a simple tweet.

Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 1.42.32 PM

 

What are/were the Australian Government’s plans to censor the internet (the so-called “Clean Feed”)
 
The Australian Government created the “Clean Feed” program in an attempt to ensure that children are protected from both harmful and inappropriate material online. The program required Internet Service Providers to filter out a prescribed list of websites that had been classified by the Australian Communications and Media Authority as prohibited. 
Travaglione, K 2009, Internet Censorship in Australia- A ‘clean feed’?, viewed 03 September 2014, <http://www.mannkal.org/downloads/scholars/internet-censorship-in-australia.pdf&gt;
 
When will the NBN get to your place? What are the benefits?
 
According to the NBN website, it is currently unavailable to where I live in Broadbeach, however they intend to provide more information as work progresses. 
Screen Shot 2014-09-03 at 1.59.21 PM
 
The benefits of having NBN in your home include:
  • Work + life balance
  • Quicker connection with others online
  • Better for busy household
  • Entertainment for everyone
  • A brighter future
  • Healthier options

For more details, head to:

http://www.nbnco.com.au/

 

Week 4

TV History

Click the above link for a quick timeline of the invention of television!

Photo references: 

  • Experimental Baird television apparatus [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/famouspeople/john_logie_baird/
  • CBS Logo [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://logos.wikia.com/wiki/CBS
  • Apollo 11 crew [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nasa.gov/topics/people/galleries/armstrong.html#lowerAccordion-set3-slide23
  • Australia’s Ready for digital TV [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.digitalready.gov.au/

 

Week 3- part 2.

What is the latest medical thinking about internet addiction? What database did you use? Full citation.

A recent paper on the results from a German population-based survey suggests that, while there is a growing number of publications about internet addiction, there is still not one singular definition or assessment procedure for it. 

Müller, K, Glaesmer, H, Brähler, E, Woelfling, K, & Beutel, M 2014, ‘Prevalence of internet addiction in the general population: results from a German population-based survey’,Behaviour & Information Technology, 33, 7, pp. 757-766, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, EBSCOhost, viewed 26 August 2014.

Found on database: EBSCO Host. 

What are IT engineers thinking about surveillance cameras? Identify a theme you could write an essay about and cite three papers that would be useful.

Recently, IT engineers have found that some of the most popular surveillance cameras on the market can be hacked quite easily. Senior security engineer at Gotham Digital Science, Justin Cacak, has explained that this is because many cameras are sold with remote internet access enabled and weak password security. A good theme about this issue would be safety and teaching people how to make sure they are electronically safe from hackers. Some good papers include:

– Zetter, K 2012, Most popular surveillance cameras can be hacked, viewed 27 August, 2014, <http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2012/05/most-popular-surveillance-cameras-can-be-hacked/&gt;

While this is not a scholarly source, it will provide a lot of background information.

 

– “BAHRAIN : Batelco introduces Safety Surveillance Camera Solution package”, 2011, MENA Report, . This paper provides information on how companies have responded to the surveillance camera safety solution.

 

– Sheldon, B. 2011, “Camera surveillance within the UK: Enhancing public safety or a social threat?”, International Review of Law, Computers and Technology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 193-203. 

This paper provides both the pros and cons of camera surveillance. 

 

– Shema, M. & Books24x7, I. 2012, Hacking web apps: detecting and preventing web application security problems, Syngress, Boston; Amsterdam.

This book provides information about hacking online and how to prevent it from happening.

 

Week 3: part 1

Which of Stephen Stockwell’s books are in the Griffith library? Give full citations:

Stockwell, S 2005, Political campaign strategy : doing democracy in the 21st century, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.

Scott, P & Stockwell, S 2000, All-media guide to fair and cross-cultural reporting : for journalists, program makers and media students, Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Nathan, Qld.

Isakhan, B & Stockwell S 2011, The secret history of democracy, Palgrave Macmillian, Basingstoke, New York.

Cite three academic books that might provide useful material for an essay about Jean Luc Godard’s Alphaville.On which campuses do they reside?

Brody, R 2008, Everything is cinema: the working life of Jean-Luc Godard, Metropolitan Books, New York.

Currently in: Nathan & College of Art (South Bank)

This book would be provide a background history on the director himself as well as a deeper understanding of the movie.

Buss, Robin 1994, French film noir, Marion Boyars, London; New York. 

Currently in: Nathan

This provides information on the film style itself. 

Tames, Richard 2008, Dictatorship, Heinemann Library, Oxford. 

Currently in: Gold Coast Curriculum 

This book looks at one of the themes in Alphaville.

What is a book that will assist you to find out about possible research methods to explore social media? Full citation.

Experimental research could be a good method to find out more about social media as it could possibly compare the benefits of social media on a person (e.g. A person using social media could be more social than someone who does not).

Jung, C. G. 1973, Experimental researches, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J.

Getting Personal

The amount of people using New Communication Technology as a means to network with friends and family is rapidly increasing. The term New Communication Technology incorporates a vast array of different and constantly evolving devices (including the phone, television, smart phone, world wide web etc) that allow us to contact loved ones across the globe simply by clicking a couple of buttons. Long gone are the days where one would have to wait for their PC to dial up to the web or have to wait until you were home if you wanted to call someone (assuming that no one else in the house wanted to use the phone too). 

Statistics from the Australian Bureau of Statistics found that social networking was one of the most popular activities that people with access to internet enjoyed. Furthermore, a staggering 92% of people aged 18-24 preferred social networking over any other internet-based activity. Personally, I too regularly use the internet for social networking. Sites like Facebook, Twitter and Skype allow me to send a quick message, whenever I like, to family and friends overseas. These sites help decrease the distance between us. While we may not message everyday, we can still see what is going on in their day to day lives on our newsfeed. Social networking also provides us with the opportunity to meet people from other countries without having to be there in person. While some people frown upon this and focus on the dangers of these interactions, I believe it is a great way to become more culturally aware (if used safely and carefully). It allows those who might not have the opportunity to travel overseas, to learn more about other countries and their residents. While the experience is obviously not as surreal as being there face-to-face, it is still an incredible feeling to know that you are talking to someone thousands of miles away from you.

However, some people feel that social networking leads to people “over-sharing” or in some cases, they feel like they have little privacy online. With sites like Facebook and Google being criticized of allowing the National Security Agency (NSA) direct access into their systems, it is understandable why people may feel like they are being spied on. However each company has explicitly stated that the privacy of their users is a top priority. I believe that it comes down to a personal choice. Social networking sites are free to use for the general public and it is up to you how much you want to post or whether or not you want to use it. If people take the time to consider what they are posting online and remember that it can be accessed by a large number of people, maybe others would begin to trust the internet more. 

 

References: 

NSA Prism program taps in to user data of Apple, Google and others 2013, The Guardian, viewed 06 August 2014, <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/06/us-tech-giants-nsa-data&gt;

Patterns of Home Internet Use 2014, Australian Bureau of Statistics, viewed 06 August 2014, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/8A12E6E0D07D36A0CA257C89000E3FB7&gt;